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The Parts Of Solar Street Light Components


Solar street lights are highly efficient light sources that utilize the sun’s energy. They are a perfect alternative to grid electric street lighting. Solar street light components include a solar panel, LED lighting fixture, pole, and battery. But note, there are different types of solar street lights which include solar all in one street light. Read on to find out the other types of solar street lights and their components. 

How do Solar Street Lights Work

Solar streets are light sources raised on poles to light roads and pathways. The photovoltaic panels that power the street lights are integrated into the poles or mounted on the lighting device. The photovoltaic panels charge the in-built battery, which then powers the LED lamps. The solar panels convert heat into electrical energy, and the battery in the solar street light system stores the energy used for lighting. The lights have a battery management system with motion and night sensors. During the first few hours of the night, the street lights with average brightness and the intensity decrease till dawn unless human movement activates the motion sensor. 

Solar Street Light Components

Street lights powered by solar have five major components. These include;

1. Solar Panel 

It is one of the most crucial parts of solar street lights. The panel converts heat from the sun into electricity used to light the streets. Solar panels are divided into mono-crystalline and poly-crystalline, but Mono-crystalline panels have a higher rate of conversation than poly-crystalline panels.

2. Lighting Fixture

Solar street lights have LED lighting fixtures that provide higher lumens. LEDs also consume less energy than the light fixtures used in traditional street lights. Plus, LEDs do not have warm-up time; therefore, they allow the use of motion detectors for maximum efficiency. 

3. Rechargeable Battery

The solar panel converts heat into electricity and stores it in the battery. During the night, the battery provides energy into the light fixture. The battery’s life cycle will determine its lifetime, while its capacity affects how many days the light can last. 

4. Controller

The controller switches on and off during charging and lighting of the solar street light. Some controllers are programmable such that you can choose a suitable time for charging, dimming, or lighting. 

5. Pole

Solar street lights require strong poles since some parts like batteries, panels, and fixtures are mounted on the pole. But in modern designs, all the electronics and PV panels are integrated into the pole.

Types of Solar Street Lights

There are various types of solar street lights with different specifications and light paneling. However, all these models work the same way. The four main types of solar street lights are:

1. Solar CFL

The light is highly demanded because it has a high luminous efficiency which makes it very bright. Plus, it requires minimal operational costs. The light features 12 volts DC, a 74 Wp solar PV module, and a 12/15/18/24 W capacity.

2. Solar LED 

There are two variants of solar LED street lights: custom and standard. The installation process of the light is easy, and the package has refractive acrylic fittings. The model has the following specifications:

  • Capacity:6/9/12/15/18/24 W
  • 12 Volts DC Voltage
  • 37/40/75/100/125/150 solar PV module

3. Solar Flood

They give maximum coverage of the area and have the highest luminance. If you have a larger area to cover and need fewer units, you should consider this option. The street light has a 15/18/24 W capacity, 15 volts DC voltage, and 100Ah solar PV module.

4. All in One Street Light

The solar street lights have a cable-free operation and are user-friendly. They are lighter than other models and run on a lithium battery. The model has the specifications below:

  • 9/15/18/24 W capacity
  • 12 Volts DC voltage
  • 100Ah solar PV module


Solar street lights are now the most economical and sustainable way of lighting up roads, yards, and public spaces. Photovoltaic panels, LED lights, smart sensors, and an in-built battery are integrated into one compact solar unit to power solar street lights.

The Legalities Of Buying FIFA 22 Coins


Is it legal to buy fifa 22 coins ps4? There is a lot of confusion regarding this question. It can be a little challenging to navigate through the legalities. Here is everything you need to know regarding FIFA 22 Coins and their legalities:

What Are FIFA 22 Coins?

EA games have introduced FUT coins, also known as FIFA 22 Coins, or FIFA 21 coins that work in Ultimate Team mode. The mode allows you to buy packs and open them in the hope of receiving player cards. Thus, you can build a dream team.

In simple words, it is an in-game virtual currency. These are the known legal methods to earn FUT Coins:

  • Play FIFA FUT matches that offer coins as a reward.
  • Complete Squad Building Challenges.
  • Trade items or auction them in Auction Market or FUT Transfer Market.
  • Quick-sell anything to the game at a fixed FIFA 22 coin price.
  • Acquire FUT coins through gifts or rewards somehow.

Is It Legal To Buy FIFA 22 Coins?

Not exactly. It is against EA’s terms of service to buy or sell FUT coins for real money. If anyone is found selling the FIFA 22 coins, they might receive a permanent ban. Buyers of FUT coins through real money will be penalized by getting data erasure and a permanent ban if the offense is repeated.

Can You Trade FUT Coins?

No, even trading isn’t allowed. Players can’t exchange FUT coins with anyone. More importantly, while you have the loophole to collaborate with a player and get them to buy things at your auction at a higher price, you still run the risk. EA team might keep an eye out for such trades, and repeated transactions frequently can flag you. Therefore, you need to be cautious.

What Is The Best Price For FIFA 22 Coins?

Although it isn’t official, the best price seems to be around 5,000 FIFA coins for $1. This is the market price, and many sellers deal with this. Of course, it is illegal, as mentioned above.

Is There Any Other Way To Acquire Coins Legally?

The only known method is by playing daily, playing hard, and grinding. You can acquire a lot of rewards by doing so. There is an entire FUT championship that arrives each season where you can win more coins.

However, while you can’t use real-life money to exchange FUT coins, you can use FIFA points. You can purchase FIFA points legally through EA games and then convert them to FIFA Coins.

In other words, while EA games ban the idea of using real money, they have found a loophole to allow players to use real money for Fifa Coins, but only if the money goes to EA games.

Here is a quick rundown on the conversion rates:

  • Around 100 FIFA points can get you 5,000 FIFA coins
  • 100 FIFA Points cost approximately 0.99 USD or EUR.

In other words, you’re paying $1 to EA games to get 5,000 FIFA coins legally.


It seems that while EA games didn’t want to have a ‘pay to win’ mechanism, they have still introduced a loophole in their mechanism. You can pay and acquire FIFA points and convert them to FIFA coins. This is the known legal method, among others that are mentioned.

The features you need in a smart TV box


If you plan to purchase a smart TV box for your home entertainment, you will definitely get the most valuable experience for your money. However, you might need to buy from a reputable dealer to increase your odds of getting quality deals. It would help if you always opted for a brand that provides a wide range of smart TV boxes that meets your specific needs. As such, you will not have trouble accessing streaming services and applications on your older TV set seamlessly.

Before you hit the market to get your smart TV box, beware that many options exist in the Evpad USA market. Each type of smart TV box allows users to access different packages depending on personal needs. The following are the essential features you need to check on a smart TV box before purchasing it.


You will want a smart TV box that comes with a quality resolution that matches your TV screen size. You definitely need to view the best image and video quality when streaming or using the app features on the smart TV box. As such, the device you choose should offer the best viewing experience. At this level, you should take caution as devices with higher resolute come at a higher budget. You can opt for a resolution of at least 1920x1080p. You can also go for higher resolution, such as 4K UHD and 4K HDR if you want to make a valuable investment in a smart TV box.

Wireless connectivity

Wireless connectivity brings paramount importance to a smart TV box. When choosing your preferable TV box, check the options available for wireless connectivity to optimize functionality when you need to sync with other devices. Nowadays, most users don’t need the cabling experience; hence looking forward to smart TV boxes that support Wi-Fi and Bluetooth connections. This will reduce the problem associated with wired connections and offer freedom to use connected devices without worrying about losing connectivity.

Smart features

It would help if you had a smart TV box with innovative technology such as artificial intelligence. You will want a device that will offer smart suggestions when browsing content on the internet or using streaming services to get your desired options quickly. Voice control is also an essential feature to run your smart TV box. The voice command option could be impressive and make things easier when navigating or controlling programs.

Streaming services

When you opt for a smart TV box, you probably are avoiding the traditional options to play videos and audio content. Your choice of smart TV option should offer multiple streaming services to allow you to stream video content from different sources like Netflix, YouTube, Amazon, Hulu Plus, and VUDU, among others. The device should allow users to stream audio content directly from recommended internet radio services and other music applications.

Speed of the user interface

The response time of a smart TV box is essential. Gone are the days when you had to wait for a program to load for a couple of minutes. As such, ensure the smart TV box starts up instantly, and everything else should load up quickly. Be sure to consider a device with a fast processor and adequate RAM capacity to improve overall performance.

Which is the best portable projector to choose?


Would you like to have your visual presentations anywhere? Or maybe share your screen in that remote area—especially when your device screen might be too little, and you need to avoid overcrowding around your device. An appropriate device that will let you share your screen easily is ideal for you. In that case, portable projectors would be a great idea.

Portable projectors have significantly improved over the years. Today, finding one that will not compromise your picture quality and suit the required brightness is essential. Regardless of where you would like to use the portable projector, making the right choice is vital. There are different qualities that you might need to check before getting yourself the best portable projector.

Features that will guide you to the best portable projector


The primary reason for portable projectors is to allow you to carry them anywhere. Most projectors are made portable with high consideration of their sizes. However, the best portable projector would be a sizeable and lightweight portable projector that could fit in your bag.


Carrying your projector to remote places means you trust the battery life of the projector. While most projectors will have a given battery life, you need a portable projector with an inbuilt battery that would last for longer hours without power interruptions. Therefore, paying attention to the battery life of an inbuilt battery is essential when choosing the best portable projector.


When you are looking for a portable projector, most likely, you would need to use it anywhere and with any device, including your phone. Finding an affordable portable projector with enough connecting ports for different devices such as screen mirroring, input and output ports is vital.


Portable projectors have for a while had considerably low brightness. However, there has been an improvement over the years, with contrast ratios of up to 1000:1. This ratio means the whites would appear brighter than blacks and, as a result, give more precise images.

Nonetheless, portable projectors would not have very high brightness. For this reason, you need not use them under too much light. Either way, if you need to use them under bright light, the best portable projector would be one with a 1000:1 ratio.


Some projectors have built-in speakers to help in projecting the sound and image at the same time. Suppose these speakers do not project sound as you need them. You could consider a portable projector with Bluetooth connectivity or a headphone jack. This way, you can easily connect external speakers and enjoy the excellent quality sound with your portable projector.

LED lamps

Most projectors use LED lamp technology to project images. LED lamps are usually bright and last long. Portable projectors come with LED lamps weighted at thirty thousand hours of usage. The best portable projector would last thirty thousand hours; this must be coupled with the built-in battery for efficiency.

Balance through the outstanding features of portable projectors such as brightness, battery life, connectivity, and portability when choosing the best portable projector in the store. Making a proper choice is vital for your overall experience with a portable projector.

The Basics Of Wall-Mounted Network Racks


Network racks are structures used in data and network centers for storing networking equipment and infrastructure. The market features two main types of network racks. These are wall-mounted and free-standing network racks. Wall-mounted network rack manufacturers have recently become quite popular. This post looks into wall-mounted network racks and everything you need to know about them.

What is a wall-mounted network rack?

A wall-mounted network rack is typically used for storing edge devices. These network racks are commonly used in individual departments where less networking equipment is required.

Characteristics of wall-mounted network racks

Below are some defining elements of wall-mounted network racks;

1. The size

Wall-mounted network racks come in varying sizes. Note that network rack manufacturers typically follow network equipment industry size standards. This is done to make certain that the equipment fits inside the network racks or cabinets. The standard size for a network rack is:

  • Height– a typical network rack’s height is expressed in U (units). These are the number of units available on the network racks. For instance, one wall-mounted rack may contain between six to fifteen rack units. Note that a single rack unit usually features around 1.7 inches in height. Therefore, a six-unit wall-mounted network rack features an altitude of approximately 10.2 inches. Some manufacturers may add a few more inches to allow for easy movement of equipment within the racks.
  • Width- the standard width of a wall-mounted network rack is about 19 inches. The size allows for the rack to accommodate any equipment with similar dimensions.

Note that the sizes are not fixed. Some manufacturers make larger products for better efficiency and accommodate network rack accessories and equipment.

2. Structure

Most wall-mounted network racks are usually made of hardened glass doors. This structural component helps to provide a view of the equipment inside. The products also feature locking mechanisms. These components allow for the physical security of the elements within the network rack. Note that some network racks have perforated doors. The doors are used to ensure consistent airflow within the rack. This helps prevent overheating. However, these perforated doors are often applied in server racks and not all network racks. Instead, network racks come with fans to avoid overheating.

3. Types

There are two types of wall-mounted racks. They are:

  • Single section racks have one glass door at the front and have several holes and can either be fully opened or have several holes at the top and back to allow for cable entry and exit.
  • Double section racks- these have a single rack section and additional openings behind the rack. They also have a rear panel fixed to the wall and a front panel that is easy to open and provides a view of the inside.


In addition to the defining elements listed above, it is also worth mentioning that most wall-mounted network racks are made with a steel body. They also have provisions for ventilation either at the top, side, bottom or through vents and holes. Some network rack manufacturers also offer accessories to enhance the performance of their products.

4 Features Of The Best Children Watches


The market features various watch designs for adults and children. Children’s watches are currently trendy as more parents realize the need to get their children these accessories. Conventionally, kid’s watches were designed as simple accessories that could only tell time. Currently, there are several advanced options, including smartwatches for kids available on AliExpress as montre enfant.

Features of the best watches for children

Below are some features you need to pay attention to when choosing the best watches for children;

1. Simplicity

One of the top and most critical elements of watches for kids is simplicity. One of the challenging skills for most kids is learning how to tell time. Therefore, some parents choose to buy watches for their kids to help them learn how to tell time faster.

Therefore, parents need simple watches. It would be almost impossible for a child to learn how to read a watch if it is too complicated. This may even make them lose interest in learning because it becomes too difficult. For this reason, simplicity is essential for children’s watches.

2. Functionality

Most kids do not care too much about accessories and their appearance. This means that a child will not care if you got them a watch that only acts as an accessory. They would benefit more from a functional piece. This means that they can learn something from wearing them.

Most parents do not understand that as kids grow, they start looking forward to becoming responsible and independent. Something as simple as allowing your child to tell time on her own would be perfect for her development. The clock needs to be set so that it tells the accurate time.

3. Durability

Children are not the best people to maintain items. They are known to break toys, destroy household items and every other item they come across. Therefore, if you buy a watch for your child, it would help if you went for the best quality.

Choose watches made from the best materials like quality plastic or metal to last for a longer time. The market features many durable watch options like waterproof watches, which will withstand a lot and remain functional and retain their structural integrity.

4. Cost efficiency

The market features a wide variety of watches for kids and adults. They all come at varying prices depending on the brand, design, type, and qualities. When choosing a watch for your child, it would be wise if you did not spend too much money.

This is because your child is likely to destroy it after a short time, and you may be forced to replace it. Therefore, you do not need to spend too much money. As your child grows older and becomes more responsible, you can consider a better and more valuable watch which they can use for a long time.


Design is also an essential factor to consider when choosing watches for kids. Kids would prefer watches with colorful designs like those with cartoon characters and bright colors.

Guide to buying a long-lasting cheap TV


A home without a TV always looks incomplete. Every home needs one. But there are several expensive TV products in the market that it feels almost impossible to get one on a budget. But it isn’t. You can get a cheap TV that will stand the test of time.

Now, it’s not just enough to desire to get a tv pas cher. It’s not even just okay to have a budget for this new TV. There are several things you should consider, like what features matter the most and how do you go about shopping for this tv.

Let’s delve into the business of the day, ladies and gentlemen.

How to buy a durable and cheap TV

1. What is your budget?

This is the first thing you should draft out when buying a new TV. The market is filled with amazing products with mind-blowing specifications. If you don’t have a budget, you’d end up using your life savings to get a cool product you spotted at the store.

2. Look at the screen size:

One of the biggest choices you’d make when buying a new TV is the screen size. Now, different people have their preferences depending on whether they want a basic or high-performance TV, so since you want a durable and cheap TV, you should strike the balance between basic and affordability.

For most people, the ideal screen size is usually between 55 to 65 inches. Also, consider how close you want to sit to the TV. If you’re sitting far away, go for a bigger TV and vice versa.

3. What is the screen resolution?

You have to look out for the screen resolution. The resolution means the number of pixels that the picture consists of on the display. This can be described in terms of columns and rows.

The standard resolution is 1920 x 1080 and it’s used in televisions globally. However, many manufacturers are moving to ultra HD sets, also known as 4K. These models have four times more pixels than conventional TV screens.

You might be very excited at TVs with 4k resolution, but wait till you see 8k resolutions. This has about 7680 x 4320 pixels, but don’t get too excited.

TVs with 8k resolutions are the next big thing, but there isn’t a lot of content that supports this resolution, so your money will dwindle. Plus, it will be too expensive.

4. HDMI connections

This is one downturn of looking for a cheap TV. A lot of manufacturers may try to save costs by reducing the number of conventional HDMI spaces a TV should have.

When choosing the best TV, more is always better. Ensure you note the number of HDMI inputs the TV has. For instance, if you decide to splurge a little and get a 4K Ultra HD TV, ensure the ports support HDMI 2.0 for further Ultra HD purposes.

There is a new HDMI 2.1 format that is creeping up on TVs in the market, and they’d most likely be paired with 8K resolutions, but for now, stick with TV sets within your price range.

Holy Grail of Building A Successful Subwoofer DIY


Subwoofer DIY can be your best attempt at designing and creating a super subwoofer. What do we mean when we talk about DIY? It simply means do-it-yourself when it comes to building your sub.

To build your customized sub can be fun and easier if the woodwork is available. The reason many homeowners build their subs is that they want an affordable gadget for improved sound production.

Why should you build your subwoofer through DIY?

The smaller loudspeakers are often not great at producing lower bass frequencies. Many users of speakers can get disappointed when they spend a lot of money on their speakers and end up with poor production. A subwoofer has become the solution to challenges associated with sound reproduction.

With a sub, you can have an excellent sound production because of their positioning in your space.

Types of subwoofers

  • Sealed
  • Ported
  • Bandpass
  • Passive radiator 
  • Transmission line systems

What Is a Subwoofer Made of?

You do not need many components to build your subwoofer. The woodwork is a necessary part of your subwoofer DIY, while the driver or drive unit is the most important component you need. We have numerous choices to make when it comes to drivers.

The sub enclosure is its cylinder of the box where you install the driver. We have different factors to consider when it comes to designing this box. The internal volume is a factor that you have to consider when you build your sub.

If the internal volume is perfect, the design of the sub does not matter much. We have seen subs crafted from food bowls, cones, and different types of materials. With MDF, you can craft metal/cardboard and boxes for cylinders.

Components Required for Building Subwoofers

We have talked about the drivers and box materials. Some other components you require for your sub includes:

  • Amplifier: The amplifier is required to power your sub. Find an amplifier that is affordable, powerful with channels to run your subs with ease.
  • Feet, cable, and speaker terminals
  • For those making a box, they need paint or varnish.
  • If you want to use a cylinder, go for fabric and foam.
  • The ported sub need components for a port. You will require a drainage pipe for this.
  • You will need insulation or acoustic foam for inside the enclosure. You can go for the foam carpet underlay, which is more affordable than the acoustic foam. Some people make use of pillows.

Tools You Need

You may need the following tools to help you build your sub. You do not have to use all the tools in your subwoofer creation.

  • Drill Bits 
  • Step Drill Bits 
  • Forstner Bits 
  • Wire Stripper 
  • Cordless Drill 
  • Jig Saw 
  • Multimeter 
  • Hot Glue Gun 
  • Soldering Iron 
  • Hole Saw Set 
  • Wood Router 
  • Roundover Bits 
  • Center Punch 
  • Solder 
  • Flux 

This information is the basis of what you need before you think of building your subwoofer. The process is easy and affordable for people on a tight budget. The sound production is excellent and can compete with the high-tech commercial subwoofers on the market.

How To Leverage Moves And Win At Solitaire


As far as card games go, solitaire (Klondike and Spider solitaire) is the simplest and most popular world. Despite its perceived simplicity, it still has a surprising amount of strategizing and depth to it. Winning offline solitaire card games requires a consistent, thoughtful approach to playing the game. The best strategies always incorporate an element of luck. To maximize the chances of winning, one must understand the rules of solitaire and understand the nature of card decks and probabilities. Let’s focus on the best strategies for winning at solitaire. 

How to win at Klondike solitaire

· Do not empty a spot without a king

Many novice offline solitaire card game players will tend to empty tableau spots/piles with the express intention of removing all cards from that pile. If one does not have a king to place in that spot, it will remain empty since only kings can occupy those positions. If you think about it, this blocks off an entire column of play, meaning you will not utilize this space until a king is revealed from the other piles.

· Always the first deck card should be turned up being the first

This may seem like simple, straightforward advice, but novices start pile building and moving their cards withing tableau without even turning over the first hidden card on the upper deck. Revealing the first hidden card on the upper deck should be your first move. This creates extra options for building foundation decks (the four spaces at the top of the game’s tableau).

· Expose the larger stacks first

When choosing which hidden cards to expose, always select columns with huge stacks underneath their face cards. Steadily whittling these columns of hidden cards fast creates better chances of exposing useful cards that you can use to build a nice pile of revealed cards.

· Always think about color when filling spaces

Selecting a black or red king to fill an empty spot is a serious decision. This is because it dictates the color order for that pile for the entire rest of the game. You should think carefully about the Queen and Jack cards you still have available. This makes it easy to track the entire deck moving forward.

How to win at offline Spider solitaire card games

· Learn from the experience

Spider solitaire often includes varying levels of difficulty. One suit may be an easy option, while a medium option contains two suits, and a hard game contains four suits. Spend some time understanding the basic levels. Do not advance to the four-suit levels before you can win consistently at the lower levels.

· Deal only when you have to

After you exhaust your possible moves, you have the option of dealing another ten cards onto the columns. This may or may not open up your options. Before dealing, check whether you have made all your possible moves in the current columns. Make use of your game’s “hint” function if it is available.


In offline solitaire card games, you win by building ordered stacks of cards from King to Ace in correct suits. Spider solitaire can be more challenging compared to Klondike and requires more expertise.

Is buying FUT 21 coins worth it


In an FUT game mode, you need to acquire more players and a few other accessories. Doing so will require some money or coins as you progress in the game. Having FUT coins allows you have whichever player they wish to have, from the most valued to the cheapest.

This article will help you see why you should buy FIFA coins and how you can buy FUT 21 PS4 coins. 

Why is it worth it

1) Increased survival level

As you might already know, survival in the game depends on having a strong team. To build up a strong team, you need great players too. Buying FUT coins affords you the chance to purchase or trade valuable players that make your team stronger, which helps you survive longer.

2) It is much more convenient

Although you can get points from playing matches, not everyone has the time and the patience to sit through long matches, complete challenges, and be active for hours and possibly days to get a few points.

If you find this task just as overwhelming as many other players do, you’re not alone, and the easy solution is to purchase as many coins as you need.

3) They are valuable

Having coins allow you to trade players you do not need and get those you want. You can buy players according to the number of coins you have in your account, and it only gets better because the more you have, the more items you can afford to purchase.

How to buy FUT coins

1) Mule account

For this method, you purchase an account that has been registered by another FUT player sometime before. The account is packed with coins and is mainly used for storing or carrying coins. Purchasing a mule account is one way to buy FUT coins.

You will receive the log in detail, answers to a few security questions, and backup codes when you purchase the account. An advantage of this purchase is that the 5% fee that applies to the other methods will not be applied here.

2) Player Auction

This option is most commonly used and is also the most expensive way to buy coins. It is done by trading a cheap or unwanted player on the market based on your coin order.

This method is expensive because to have enough coins to buy your favorite players you need to sell many players in a pack. When you make the exchange with the buyer, your coins are transferred into your account.

3) Comfort trade

In this method, you have to give your credentials, account information, and login details to the seller, granting him access to log into your account and make the transfer using an automated system within 30 minutes.

It’s the easiest, most comfortable way to buy FUT coins but it is not the safest method as the risk of handing your account information into the wrong hands is high. To lower this risk, be sure to make the purchase only from a reputed seller who you can trust to not mishandle your details.

A trusted shop offers you the best FUT 21 ps4 coins deals with great prices and a safe trading experience.